The tri color striped flag of Ireland was based on the flag of France, a symbol of a successful democratic revolution, and was first used by the nationalists of the Young Ireland movement in 1848.
The colors represent the Catholic, Gaelic and Angl-Norman (Green) and the Protestant hero, King William of Orange, along with Northern Protestants (Orange). The white stripe in the center signifies hope of peace and trust between the two. It was adopted as the flag of the Irish Free State in 1920. When the Republic of Ireland achieved independence in 1937, the flag was officially adopted.
ST PATRICK, THE PATRON SAINT OF IRELAND
Ireland’s history has been handed down to us through the centuries by tales of Kings and leaders in wars. Often through folk lore. The tale of Patrick driving the snakes out of Ireland is one such example.
“Niall of the Nine Hostages was the greatest king that Ireland knew between the time of Cormac MacArt and the coming of Patrick. He not only ruled Ireland greatly and strongly , but carried the name and fame, and the power and the fear, of Ireland into all neighboring nations. It was one of these Gallic expeditions that the lad Succat, destined under his later name of Patrick to be the greatest and noblest figure Ireland ever knew, was taken in a sweep of captives, carried to Ireland and to Antrim, there to herd the swine of the chieftain, Milcho.” direct quote from The Story of the IRISH RACE ” authored by Seamas Mac Manus
The birthplace of St. Patrick has always been in question. Some who study this question place it either in Dunbarton in the most northern Roman province in Celtic Britain or in the Celtic province of Brittany France. Evidence appears that points to Brittany. St. Martin of Tours was his maternal uncle, his father, Calporn, official magistrate in Brittany, and his mother, Conchessa was St. Martin’s niece. All this seems to indicate that Patrick did come to Ireland as a very young man. He is said to have had a dream that he was destined to spread God’s by traveling the land. He had embraced the Irish culture of his adopted land, learned the language and in every way considered himself an Irishman.
Legend has it that Patrick rid Ireland of all the serpents and snakes even though some centuries earlier, Solinus, the Roman writer, declared that there were no snakes in Ireland. In 434 Patrick spent the forty days and nights of Lent on a mountain top in Connaught praying and fasting. Jocelin, a monk, recorded that it was during this time that Patrick commanded all the serpents and snakes into the ocean thus ridding Ireland of the snakes forever. This traditional story has come down through the centuries and to this day it is difficult to persuade Irishmen that it might not be true.
Origin: Eirin go brach or go brath (literally until Doomsday)
definition from the Merriam Webster Dictionary
This Gaelic phrase is often used by Irish Americans to express allegiance to Ireland.
We found some very interesting information about the use of this particular flag.
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy was of Welsh and his Mother Jane Cook of Scot-Irish descent.
A lot has been written about the 150,000 Irishmen who fought for the Union during the War Between the States, but do you know about the 30,000 equally brave Irishmen who fought for the Confederacy? It is written that by population a comparable number of Irishmen fought for the Confederacy as did those who supported the Union.
The 8th Alabama Irish Brigade made their mark in history fighting for the Confederacy and is remembered for their Erin Go Braugh! flag with a field of green with Faugh A Ballagh on bottom that is Irish for “clear the way.
Saint Patrick’s Day has been a big celebration day for the Southern States to honor the Irish who fought on the Confederate side during the Civil War 1860 – 1865.
The following is taken from ‘Erin Go Bragh – Ireland Forever’ posted by Jim W Dean, VT Editor, on March 18, 2013 on website www.veteranstoday.com
Although Irish fought on both sides, those for the South saw the issue of Yankee commercial dominance, their wanting to establish a permanent under class by force of arms.
The South was, post Civil War, treated like an internal colony to the detriment of black and white alike, where those on the bottom of the ladder were pitted against each other.
The high export duties imposed before the war, 46%, were not only continued afterward but never fully removed until WWII, a little nasty item of American history which we don’t teach our children in the government schools.
Many of the established Irish who fought for the North bought into the propaganda of saving the Union. But many Irish were brought in as part of the huge European mercenary recruiting program.
The high bounties of $1000 to $1500 were a fortune at the time. Roughly 350,000 immigrants passed into the Yankee army, similar to the number of Confederate soldiers killed during the whole war.
The main hustle used to get them into the army was to grab them off the immigrant boats and sign them up for an immediate job with cash in hand on the spot. They were then delivered to the recruiters, quickly signed up, got their second $25, and the rest of the bounty stolen by the scammers with the new American on his way to the front.
The scale of the immigrants being shanghied for bounties was so large during the last year of the war that these ‘inductees’ were literally treated as prisoners. They were constantly under guard while being transferred to the front as replacement cannon fodder for the continuing mass assaults against Confederate fortifications.
Historian Bruce Catton described some of their last ditch desperate attempts to escape before reaching the front lines. Those being transported by river boat would jump ship at night and swim for the shore with the guards shooting them in the water, ending their short romance with American freedom and opportunity.
But both Irish sides are honored after all of these years for the struggle and horrors they endured. Those that survived, the best of them, honor the pledge of remembering their less fortunates despite the conflicting reasons why they fought. And the Irish are at the top of the list for their alternating tragedies and successes here.